OFFICIAL NAME:  
Syrian Arab Republic.
CAPITAL:
Damascus
AREA:   
185.180 km2 (71.500sq. miles)
POPULATION:
21 millions
CLIMATE:
A pleasant and varied Mediterranean climate with four distinct seasons.  
AVERAGE TEMPERATURE:
32° C. (90° F) in Summer,
10° C. (50° F) in Winter and
22° C. (72° F) in Spring and Autumn.
TIME ZONE:
November through February:   GMT + 2 Hours (Winter).
March through October:  GMT + 3 hours. (Summer).
:
ELECTRICAL CURRENT:
220 Volts, 50 hz
WEEKEND:
Friday and Saturday are the official weekend.
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES:
Metric system.
RAVEL INFORMATION ENTRY FORMALITIES:
A valid passport with entry visa. Any amount of foreign currency could be brought into Syria.
However, the sum of foreign currency allowed out should not exceed the amount brought in.
Tourist groups coming through their local travel agency can obtain their free of charge visas from the airport or any other border.
HOW TO GET THERE:
By land: Syria is connected by highways with Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Turkey.
By Sea: Through the two seaports of Latakia and Tartus on the Mediterranean.
By Air: Damascus, the main gateway to Syria, Aleppo and Latakia are connected with all continents by the national carrier (Syrianair) and major international airlines.
Main cities and number of inhabitants in each governorate:
Damascus 3.8 million inh, Aleppo 4 million inh, Homs 1.5 million inh, Latakia 883 thousands inh, Hama 1.4 million inh, Tartus 716 thousands, Deir-ez-zor 1 million inh.
Communications:
International telephone code for Syria: 00963
Telephone code:
Damascus 011, Nabk 012, Deir Ateya 012, Zabadani 013, Bloudan 013, Al-Qunaytra 014, Dar'a 015, Sweida 016, Aleppo 021, Raqqa 022, Jisr Shogour 023, Idleb 023, Homs 031, Palmyra 031, Hama 033, Latakia 041, Kurdahah 041, Jableh 041, Slenfeh 041, Kasab 041, Tartus 043, Banyas 043, Safita 043, Draykish 043, Mashta Helu 043, Deir-ez-zor 051, Hasakeh 052, Raselein 052, Malkieh 052, Kamishli 053.
Airport:
Damascus: Damascus International Airport, a distance of 32 kms from the center of the capital, Damascus - Taxi service - Bus services - Free zone
Aleppo: Aleppo International airport.
Latakia: Martyr Bassel Al-Asad Airport
Ports:
Latakia 348 kms from the capital, Tartus 258 kms from the capital, banyas 55 kms south of Latakia.
Currency:
Currency Unit: Syrian Pound = 100 piasters
1 U.S. Dollar = 51 S.P.
Notes: 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000 S.P.
Coins: 1, 2, 5, 10, 25 S.P.